The Kingdom of Fife
Fife (Gaelic: Fìobha) was originally one of the Pictish kingdoms, known as Fib, and is still commonly known as the Kingdom of Fife.
One of the first ‘recorded’ mentions of the Picts comes from a Roman poem written in the late 3rd century AD, mentioning the Picti or Painted Men, it was possibly the name given by the legionaries to the Tribes of the North. ‘Pit’ is a common feature of Pictish place-names, Pittenweem, Pitlochry, Pitlessie.
There is also some recorded versions of their own Pictish origin myths. One tells of a great warrior and king, The King of the Picts, Cruithne, who ruled over Alba and the Pictish realm, (known as Pictavia). He had seven sons, and after his death, Pictavia was divided between them, and each son ruled over a portion of their father’s kingdom.
“Seven sons of Cruithne, then Into seven divided Alba, to Cait, Ce, Cirig, Fib, Fidach, Fotlaig, Fortrenn”
The names of these sons are still preserved today in some Scottish place-names:
Cait who ruled over Caithness
Ce, Aberdeenshire, Banff and Buchan. (Keith from Ce).
Circenn or Cirig, Angus
Fib who ruled over Fife
Fidach, who held Moray,
Fotlaig, Atholl and Strathearn
Fortriu or Fortrenn who ruled the lands around the Forth.
Pictland as indicated by place-name evidence and concentration of Pictish stones appears to have been centred in the North and the East of Scotland.The name is recorded as Fib in A.D. 1150 and Fif in 1165. The Picts are thought to be the descendants of tribes who had lived in the north-east of Scotland for many years before the Romans became aware of them, and so too their offspring became a part of the mixing of populations that has led to the formation of Scotland.
(Various Sources/General Knowledge)